Glossary & Descriptions of Performance Titles

Title Description Breeds Requirements
AADC Advanced Agility Dog Canada All Breeds  
AD Schutzhund Endurance Test All Breeds BH required
ADC Agility Dog Canada All Breeds  
AFTCh. Amateur Field Trial Champion Retrieving Sporting Dogs with a Novice Handler
AgI Agility Intermediate All Breeds AgN required
AgN Agility Novice All Breeds  
AgX Agility Excellent All Breeds AgI required
ATChC Agility Trial Champion of Canada All Breeds  
BH Schutzhund Companion/Temperament Test Select Breeds  
BIF Best in Field, Coursing Hound Trial    
BIS Best in Show, Conformation All Breeds  
BISS Best in Specialty Show All Breeds  
BPIS Best Puppy in Show, Conformation All Breeds  
Brevet Ring Sport Companion/Temperament Test Select Breeds  
CD Companion Dog, Obedience
(First Obedience Title)
All Breeds  
CDX Companion Dog Excellent, Obedience
(Second Obedience Title)
All Breeds CD required
CG Certificate of Gameness, Den Trial All Terriers small enough to fit into a nine-inch tunnel and Dachshunds  
CGC
CCGCT
AKC Canine Good Citizen Test
HABAC's Canadian Canine Good Citizen Test
All Breeds  
CGN Canine Good Neighbour All Breeds  
Ch. Champion, Conformation All Breeds except Miscellaneous Class  
Ch. (Alt.) Champion (Altered), Conformation All Breeds except Miscellaneous Class  
DD Draft Dog, Hauling Test All Breeds  
DDX Draft Dog Excellent, Hauling Test All Breeds DD required
EWC Earth Working Certificate, Den Trial Small Terriers and Dachshunds  
FbD Flyball Dog, Flyball All Breeds  
FbDCh. Flyball Dog Champion, Flyball All Breeds FbD required
FCh. Field Champion, Lure Coursing Sighthounds  
FChX Field Champion Excellent, Lure Coursing Sighthounds FCh. required
FD Field Dog, Pointing Trial All Pointing Breeds  
FD Flyball Dog All Breeds  
FDCh Flyball Dog Champion All Breeds  
FDGCh Flyball Dog Grand Champion All Breeds  
FDJ Field Dog Junior, Pointing Trial All Pointing Breeds  
FDX Field Dog Excellent, Pointing Trial All Pointing Breeds FD required
FDX Flyball Dog Excellent All Breeds  
FH Schutzhund Tracking Test All Breeds BH required
FM Flyball Master All Breeds  
FMX Flyball Master Excellent All Breeds  
FMCh Flyball Master Champion All Breeds  
FTCh. Field Trial Champion, Hunting by Scent Beagles  
FTCh. Field Trial Champion, Retrieving All Sporting Dog Breeds  
GMH Grand Master Hunter, Field Test Retrieving Breeds, Irish Water Spaniel Breed, Standard Poodle Breed  
GMOTCh. Grand Master Obedience Trial Champion, Obedience All Breeds MOTCh. required
HA Herding Advanced All Breeds HI required
HC Herding Certificate, Herding All Herding Breeds and Some Working Breeds  
HI Herding Intermediate All Breeds HT required
HIC Herding Instinct Certificate, Herding All Herding Breeds and Some Working Breeds  
HIT High in Trial, Obedience Trial All Breeds  
HS Herding Started All Breeds HT required
HT Herding Tested All Breeds  
IPO International Schutzhund
(Levels I, II, & III)
All Breeds BH required
JE Junior Earthdog Dachshunds and Terriers bred as Earthdogs  
JH Junior Hunter, Field Test Retrieving Breeds, Irish Water Spaniel Breed, Standard Poodle Breed  
MADC Master Agility Dog Canada All Breeds  
ME Master Earthdog Dachshunds and Terriers bred as Earthdogs SE required
MH Master Hunter, Field Test Retrieving Breeds, Irish Water Spaniel Breed, Standard Poodle Breed  
MOTCh. Master Obedience Trial Champion, Obedience All Breeds OTChX required
NAFTCh. National Amateur Field Trial Champion, Retriever Test All Retrieving Breeds  
NFTCh. National Field Trial Champion, Retriever Test All Retrieving Breeds  
ONYX Flyball Onyx Award All Breeds  
OSC Open Stockdog Certificate, Herding All Herding Breeds and some Working Breeds SSC required
OTCh. Obedience Trial Champion, Obedience All Breeds UD required
OTChX Obedience Trial Champion Excellent, Obedience All Breeds OTCh. required
Ring Ring Sport (Levels I, II, III)
Obedience and Protection Tests
Select Breeds  
SchH Schutzhund (Levels I, II, III)
Obedience, Tracking and Protection Tests
All Breeds  
SD Sled Dog, Sledding All Breeds  
SDX Sled Dog Excellent, Sledding All Breeds SD required
SDU Sled Dog Unlimited, Sledding All Breeds SD and SDX required
SE Senior Earthdog Dachshunds and Terriers bred as Earth dogs  
SH Senior Hunter, Field Test Retrieving Breeds, Irish Water Spaniel Breed, Standard Poodle Breed  
SHCh. Scent Hurdle Dog Champion, Scent Discrimination/Hurdle Race All Breeds SHDX required
SHD Scent Hurdle Dog, Scent Discrimination/Hurdle Race All Breeds  
SHDX Scent Hurdle Dog Excellent, Scent Discrimination/Hurdle Race All Breeds SHD required
SSC Started Stockdog Certificate, Herding All Herding Breeds and Some Working Breeds  
TD Tracking Dog, Tracking Test All Breeds  
TDX Tracking Dog Excellent, Tracking Test All Breeds TD required
TT Temperament Tested All Breeds  
UD Utility Dog, Obedience
(Third and highest Obedience Title)
All Breeds CDX required
WC Working Certificate, Retrieving Test Retriever Breeds, Irish Water Spaniel Breed, Poodle Breeds  
WCI Working Certificate Intermediate, Retrieving Test Retriever Breeds, Irish Water Spaniel Breed, Poodle Breeds  
WCX Working Certificate Excellent, Retrieving Test Retriever Breeds, Irish Water Spaniel Breed, Poodle Breeds  
WH Schutzhund Watch Dog Test All Breeds BH required
WRD Water Rescue Dog, Water Rescue Newfoundland Breed  
WRDX Water Rescue Dog Excellent, Water Rescue Newfoundland Breed  

Titles are colour-coded as follows:
  • Official CKC Event

  • Recognized but not governed by the CKC

  • North American Flyball Association (NAFA) Flyball Titles

  • Agility Association of Canada (AAC) Agility Titles

  • Other

All-breeds — Refers to all CKC-recognized breeds, including the Miscellaneous Class.


AD — Schutzhund Endurance Test

An Endurance Test originating in Germany. The dog and handler (handler on bicycle) must travel 20 kms at a steady trotting pace with a 10-15 minute break given at the 8 km and 15 km marks. Upon completion of the run, the dog and handler must perform a simple obedience routine.


CD — Companion Dog (First Obedience Title)

To earn the title of Companion Dog (CD), the dog must pass three novice obedience trials under at least two different licensed obedience judges. Each trial consists of six exercises which the dog must pass (obtain at least 50%) and accumulate a total score of a minimum of 170 points. (A perfect score is 200 points.) The exercises are:

  1. Heal on Leash and Figure-8: The dog must perform a heeling pattern on-leash as well as heeling in a figure-8 pattern around two ring stewards. (40 points.)
  2. Stand for Examination: The handler stands the dog and then moves in front to the end of the leash. (30 points.)
  3. Heel Free: The dog performs a heeling pattern off-leash. (40 points.)
  4. Recall: The handler leaves the dog in a Sit-Stay and walks to the end of the ring, then calls the dog. (30 points.)
  5. Long Sit (1 minute): A group exercise where the dogs are lined up and made to sit in a row. The handlers then move to the opposite side of the ring. (30 points)
  6. Long Down (3 minutes): A group exercise where the dogs are lined up in a row and made to lie down. The handlers then move to the opposite side of the ring. (30 points.

CDX — Companion Dog Excellent (Second Obedience Title)

Once a dog has earned his CD title, he can then go on to earn the title of Companion Dog Excellent (CDX) by passing three open obedience trials under at least two different licensed judges. Each trial consists of seven exercises. The dog must pass each exercise (obtain at least 50%) and accumulate a total score of at least 170 points (a perfect score is 200 points). The exercises are:

  1. Heel Free and Figure-8: The dog must perform a heeling pattern off-leash and heeling in a figure-8 pattern around two ring stewards. (40 points.)
  2. Drop on Recall: The handler must leave the dog in a Sit-Stay position and walk to the end of the ring. The handler then calls the dog. The dog must drop to a starionary position upon being given the signal by his handler and then come on the next signal. (30 points.)
  3. Retrieve on the Flat: The handler throws a dumbell away from himself and the dog and then signals the dog to retrieve it. (25 points.)
  4. Retrieve Over a High Jump: The handler throws a dumbell over a high-jump and then signals the dog to retrieve the object. The dog must retrieve the dumbell by jumping the high-jump both ways. The height of the jump is equal to the height of the dog at the withers, to a maximum of 36 inches. (35 points.)
  5. Broad Jump: From a sitting start, the dog must leap over a broad jump and return to his handler. The length of the jump is equal to two times the height of the dog at the withers, to a maximum of 72 inches. (20 points.)
  6. Long Sit (3 minutes): A group exercise where the dogs are lined up and made to sit in a row. The handlers then move out of the ring and out of sight of the dogs. (25 points.)
  7. Long Down (5 minutes): A group exercise where the dogs are lined up and made to lie down in a row. The handlers then move out of the ring and out of sight of the dogs. (30 points.)

CGC — American Kennel Club Canine Good Citizen
In Canada: CCGCT — Canadian Canine Good Citizen TestTM by HABAC — Human Animal Bond Association of Canada

A certification program that tests dogs that have the training and demeanor to be reliable family members as well as good-standing community members. The testing takes place in a busy public area, such as a shopping mall. Testing includes the following:

  1. Accepting a friendly stranger — The owner of the dog shakes hands with a friendly stranger.
  2. Patiently sitting for petting — A test for shyness and resentment.
  3. Appearance & grooming — The owner's care and sense of responsiblity is seen in how his dog is kept.
  4. Out for a walk — Illustrating handler's control of the dog.
  5. Walking through a crowd — Demonstrating how the dog moves in a crowd without unduly distress and under his owner's control.
  6. Commands — Sit, Down, Stay, Come. Illustrating that the dog has been trained and responds well.
  7. Praise/interactions — Illustrating the relationship between dog and owner.
  8. Reaction to passing dogs — Demonstrates if the dog behaves politely around other dogs.
  9. Distractions — Demonstrates the dog's confidence when faced with common distractions.
  10. Supervised isolation — Demonstrates whether the dog can be left with someone other than his usual handler and still maintain training and good manners.

Any dog that jumps up on a person, lunges at another dog or displays unruly behaviour is automatically disqualified.

Note: CGC is a requirement for most therapy-dog programs.
CH — Champion (Conformation Title)

A dog attains the rank of Champion when he is declared a winner by at least three different judges and accumulates a minimum of 10 points.

Dogs are shown in Classes — Males are judged first and a winner is declared (Winner Male). Females are then judged and a Winner Female is named.


BIS — Best in Show (Conformation Title)

The first place winner from each of the seven groups compete for Best in Show . This dog is awarded a large red, white and blue rosette, and usually nice trophies as well.


BPIS — Best Puppy in Show (Conformation Title)

The seven group winning puppies compete for the BPIS award. This winning puppy receives a large pale blue rosette.


FH & FH2 — Tracking Titles

The first tracking title is the FH — The track is 1,000 to 4,000 paces long with six 90° turns at least three hours old. Four objects are placed on the track, three at irregular intervals after the first 250 paces and the last object is placed at the end. The direction of the track is determined by the judge and track is layed out while the dog and handler are out of sight. Thirty minutes after the completion of the main track, a cross tracklayer crosses the track three times.

FH2 is the next level for a Tracking Title — The track is 2,000 pages long through a varied terrain with seven corners and at least three hours old. Near the beginning of the track, there is a 20m x 20m scent pad. The track layer inserts two markers 20 steps apart within the scent pad, placing an orientation object in between the markers which is the starting point of the track. Six objects are placed on the track at irregular intervals after the first 250 paces with the final object placed at the end. The direction of the track is determined by the judge and the track is layed by a stranger while dog and handler are out of sight. Thirty minutes before the track is used, a cross tracklayer crosses over two legs of the first track.


HIC — Herding Instinct Certificate

Designed to test the dog's herding instincts. Five or six ducks are normally used but sheep may be used as well. The tester takes the dog on leash behind the flock and tries to encourage him to keep them together and move them at a slow, steady pace around an enclosure. If the dog responds well, the exercise is attempted off-leash.


OTCh. — Obedience Trial Champion

The OTCh. title is awarded to any dog who has successfully passed the three obedience levels and obtained the titles: CD, CDX and UD.


SchH — Schutzhund Titles (Levels I, II, and III)

Schutzhund tests consist of three phases: Tracking, Obedience, and Protection. See Schutzhund Titles Explained for further details.


TD — Tracking Dog Test

The length of the track is no less than 400 metres and no more than 450 metres. At the time the dog starts on the track, the track is no less than 30 minutes and no more than two hours old. The scent is that of a stranger who leaves either a leather glove, wallet or other leather article at the end of the track. All turns are out in the open where there are no fences or other boundaries to guide the dog.


TDX — Tracking Dog Excellent Test

The length of the track is no less than 900 metres and no more than 1000 metres. The track is no less than three hours old and is crossed in two places by a more recent track. The track has at least five turns. The first object is dropped not less than 250 metres from the start of the track, the second object is dropped at an irregular interval between the first and third, and the third object is dropped at the end of the track. One hour after the track has been completed, a second person (a stranger to the dog) starts out from a given point and crosses the original track in two places. The primary track is laide over varied terrain and across a road. The dog must find the last object and one other and he must not follow one of the cross tracks for more than a distance of 20 metres.


TT — Temperament Test

The TT is administered by the Temperament Test Associates and is not a CKC recognized title. The test consists of several individual tests designed to place varying amounts of stress on the dog. The dog is assessed against his Breed Standard with regard to his reactions to the various tests. The tests are as follows:

  1. Neutral Stranger: The dog and handler are approached by stranger who greets the handler, but ignores the dog.
  2. Friendly Stranger: The dog and handler are approached by an individual who greets the dog, but ignores the handler.
  3. Crowds: The dog and handler are encircled by a "crowd" of four to five people.
  4. Noise Test: A hidden assistant rattles a pail containing some stones for several seconds. The pail is then brought into the dog's sight and he is encouraged to investigate.
  5. Gun Test: An assistant hidden behind the dog, fires a starter's pistol.
  6. Umbrella Test: As the dog and handler approach, an assistant sits in a chair with a closed umbrella resting on the ground. When the dog and handler are near the assistant, the umbrella pops open. The dog is encouraged to investigate.
  7. Footing Test: The dog and handler are required to walk over a length of chain link fence.
  8. Decoy Test: The dog and handler are approached by a stranger dressed in a poncho, who staggers about waving a riding crop and making strange noises. The decoy will come closer, continuing his act. He will then slap the crop on the ground several times before turning and running away.

In all instances, the dog is expected to accept the attentions of non-threatening individuals. In tests where a sudden or loud noise occurs, it is acceptable for the dog to "start", but he is expected to recover and to investigate. Not all dogs will try to attack the decoy, but they should all stand their ground. Chasing only after the decoy has turned to flee is not acceptable.


UD — Utility Dog

Once a dog has obtained his CDX title, he can then earn the tile of UD and OTCh. by passing three Utility Obedience Trials under at least two different obedience judges. Each trial consists of five exercises. The dog must pass each exercise (obtain at least 50%) and accumulate a total score of at least 170 points. (A perfect score is 200 points.) The exercises are:

  1. Seek Back: The dog performs a heeling pattern off-leash and at some point the handler drops an object that the dog is expected to retrieve. (30 Points.)
  2. Scent Discrimination: A collection of 12 objects (four wood, four metal, and four leather) are placed in the centre of the obedience ring. The handler applies his scent to a fifth object and the judges places it somewhere among the other objects. The handler sends the dog to find the scented item. (This is repeated for each material). (20 times 3 Points.)
  3. Signal Exercise: The dog performs a heeling pattern off-leash with only visual commands being given. At some point, the handler signals the dog to stop in a standing position and wait while the handler moves away. The handler then turns to face the dog and gives further visual commands: a) Lie down; b) Sit up; and c) Come to the handler. (35 points.)
  4. Directed Jumping: Two jumps (a solid high jump and a bar jump) are placed at a specified distance apart near the centre of the ring. The handler commands the dog to run out between and past the two jumps and then to sit. The handler then commands the dog to go over a designated jump. The exercise is repeated for the second jump. (40 points.)
  5. Group Examination: A group exercise where the dogs are lined up in a row and made to stand. The handlers then move to the opposite side of the ring. The judge approaches each dog in turn and runs his hands over the dog. The exercise lasts a minimum of three minutes. (35 points.)