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BREED DESCRIPTION & INFORMATION

Dachshunds
Miniature Wirehaired Dachshund Puppies
Photo courtesy of Stalwart Kennel Perm. Reg'd.

Breed Registries:


Note: The breed registries indicated above are the most recognized all-breed registries. The breed may also be recognized by other registries not indicated here. For further details about dog registries, please see the document: Dog Breed Registries in North America.

* — The FCI is the World Canine Organization, which includes 84 members and contract partners (one member per country) that each issue their own pedigrees and train their own judges. The FCI recognizes 339 breeds, with each being the "property" of a specific country. The "owner" countries of the breeds write the standards of these breeds in co-operation with the Standards and Scientific Commissions of the FCI, and the translation and updating are carried out by the FCI. The FCI is not a breed registry nor does it issue pedigrees.


Origin:

Germany

Height:

Miniature: Approx. 8 inches (20 cm) tall at the shoulders, 20 inches (50 cm) long, nose to rump and 6 inches (15 cm) wide.
Standard: 30-40% larger than the Miniature.
Wirehaired: Slightly higher off the ground than the Smooth and Longhaired.

Weight:

Miniature: The ideal weight is 10 lb (4.5 kg).
Standard: Over 11 lbs (5 kg)

Note: In Canada, the U.S. and the United Kingdom, two sizes of Dachshunds are recognized — Standard and Miniature; and three coat types — the Smooth, Longhaired and Wirehaired. Taking the two sizes and three coat varieties into account, the Canadian Kennel Club and The Kennel Club (U.K.) recognize six distinct Dachshund types. The Fédération Cynologique Internationale recognizes the three coat types and three sizes — Teckel, Miniature Teckel, and Rabbit Teckel which is smaller than the Miniature.     (seethe Breed Standards for details.)

Breed Profile:

Dachshunds, also known as Dackels or Teckels, were developed in Germany and used to hunt badger and fox since the Middle Ages. The original Dachshund was the Standard Smooth. The name "dachshund" means "badger dog" in German. Dachshunds work in packs and are strong and fearless when sent underground to rout out the ferocious badger. These short-legged dogs were well recognised and known as one of the most versatile and useful breeds for hunting both below and above ground. The oldest breed Club is the Deutsche Teckelklub e.V. which was founded in 1888.

The Standard Wire Haired Dachshund is based on the Standard Smooth but also has some Terrier added in. The cross was done to improve the protective and weather-resistant qualities of the coat and to add a bit of Terrier temperament.

Developed from the original Standard Smooth Dachshund, the Long-haired was created by crossing the breed with the Field Spaniel. This variety has all the attributes of the Smooth but the outline is enhanced by soft feathering on the throat, ears, underbody and tail, giving it an unmistakable elegance.

The Miniature Dachshunds were bred to hunt the rabbits that destroyed farmers' crops. These little dogs must be small enough to slip down rabbit holes and, in their native Germany, they are classifed according to girth, not weight.

The Dachshund is clever, lively, fearless, persistent and outgoing. With his fun-filled outlook, he is an affectionate and wonderful family companion.

The Dachshund's lively and active personality make him an ideal participant in several dog sports and activities, such as Obedience, Agility, Tracking, Earth Dog Trials, Field Work, and Hunting.

Health Issues

As with all breeds, the Dachshund can be prone to some health problems. The following are the most common found in the breed:

If you are considering the adoption of a Dachshund puppy, or any breed, it is very important to be selective in choosing a responsible and reputable breeder. Ensure that the prospective puppy's parents have all health clearances. Breeding of any dog should not be done until after they have been proven to be free of evidence of significant hereditary diseases. (For more information on selecting a breeder, see the articles on the main Breed Listing and Breeders page.)

Recommended Health Screening:

For the Dachshund, the CHIC* database includes health screenings for:

  • Eye Examination by a board Ophthalmologist
  • Patellar Luxation
  • Also listed as "Optional:" Progressive Retinal Atrophy; Autoimmune Thyroiditis; Congenital Deafness
* CHIC - The Canine Health Information Center - "is a database of consolidated health screening results from multiple sources. Co-sponsored by the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) and the American Kennel Club (AKC) Canine Health Foundation, CHIC works with parent clubs to identify health screening protocols appropriate for individual breeds. Dogs tested in accordance with the parent club established requirements, that have their results registered and made available in the public domain are issued CHIC numbers." To learn more, visit: www.caninehealthinfo.org

Additional Health Resources:

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Breed Standards

Grooming Information

  • Grooming — This section of the Canada's Guide to Dogs website includes tips, articles and information covering all aspects of dog grooming along with a listing of Groomers from across Canada.

Training Resources

  • Training — For training information, see this growing section of the Canada's Guide to Dogs website for tips, articles, as well as listings of training centres across Canada.

Training Tools & Equipment
Choose from a wide variety of items from Dogwise.com



Additional Information

Select from the following links to view Breeder listings; Breed Clubs; Rescue Organizations; as well as Books and other Merchandise specific to the breed:

Breeders  /  Breed Clubs  /  Rescues  /  Books & More