BREED DESCRIPTION & INFORMATION
Note: The breed registries indicated above are the most recognized all-breed registries. The breed may also be recognized by other registries not indicated here. For further details about dog registries, please see the document: Dog Breed Registries in North America.
* The FCI is the World Canine Organization, which includes 84 members and contract partners (one member per country) that each issue their own pedigrees and train their own judges. The FCI recognizes 339 breeds, with each being the "property" of a specific country. The "owner" countries of the breeds write the standards of these breeds in co-operation with the Standards and Scientific Commissions of the FCI, and the translation and updating are carried out by the FCI. The FCI is not a breed registry nor does it issue pedigrees.
10 to 11 inches
9 to 12 lbs (4.1 to 5.4 kg)
The English Toy Spaniel (known as the King Charles Spaniel in Britain) is a sweet and gentle dog who became the popular with nobility and was a favourite of King Charles the Second during his reign (1660-1685). Later, the Pug replaced the English Toy as the royal dog of choice and so the breed's numbers declined. The breed did, however, re-emerge in the 19th century with changes to his appearance. It is believed that the upturned nose and shorter muzzle seen in today's English Toy Spaniel is most likely due to crossing the breed with Pugs.
Today, the English Toy Spaniel is a well-loved and popular companion dog. The breed is ideal for the elderly as he needs very little exercise. In general, the breed is said to love people, is friendly with children who treat him gently, and gets along well with other dogs. He is intelligent and always eager to please.
He has a long and silky coat, usually straight but a slight wave is possible. The breed comes in four colours:
- Blenheim (red and white)
- Prince Charles or Tri-Colour (black, white and tan)
- Ruby (red)
- King Charles (black and tan)
In Britain and FCI countries the breed is known as the King Charles Spaniel whereas in Canada and the United States, "King Charles" denotes one of the four colours (black and tan). The breed is also referred to as the ETS or Charlie. This should not be confused with the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel who is usually called Cavalier but may also be called Charlie.
If you are considering the adoption of a English Toy Spaniel puppy, or any breed, it is very important to be selective in choosing a responsible and reputable breeder. Ensure that the prospective puppy's parents have all health clearances. Breeding of any dog should not be done until after they have been proven to be free of evidence of significant hereditary diseases. (For more information on selecting a breeder, see the articles on the main Breed Listing and Breeders page.)
Additional Health Resources:
- English Toy Spaniel Health Concerns
- Collapsed Trachea: The Health Problem Every Owner of a Small Dog Should Understand
- Health and Nutrition Growing section of the Canada's Guide to Dogs website which includes information on several health and nutrition related issues.
- Canine Health Information Center (CHIC) Providing a source of health information for owners, breeders, and scientists that will assist in breeding healthy dogs. CHIC is a centralized canine health database jointly sponsored by the AKC/Canine Health Foundation (AKC/CHF) and the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA).
- AKC Canine Health Foundation Working towards developing scientific advances in canine health.
- Canine Eye Registration Foundation (CERF)
- Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA)
- Ontario Veterinary College (OVC)
- University of Pennsylvania Hip Improvement Program (PennHip)
- HealthGene HealthGene Corporation is the leading provider of veterinary DNA diagnostic services in Canada.
- Labgenvet Laboratory of Veterinary Genetics is a Canadian diagnostic laboratory that offers a comprehensive service of DNA tests for veterinary genetic diseases.
- CKC Breed Standard - English Toy Spaniel
- AKC Breed Standard
- Official UKC Breed Standard
- The Kennel Club (U.K.) King Charles Spaniel Breed Standard
- FCI Breed Standard No. 128
- Grooming This section of the Canada's Guide to Dogs website includes tips, articles and information covering all aspects of dog grooming along with a listing of Groomers from across Canada.
- Toy BreedsHousebreaking
- Training For training information, see this growing section of the Canada's Guide to Dogs website for tips, articles, as well as listings of training centres across Canada.
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- 10 Things to Consider Before Getting a Dog
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- Clubs, Sports & Activities For information on the many sports and activities you can get involved in with your dog.
- Working Dogs The Working Dogs section of the Canada's Guide to Dogs website provides information and listings of organizations that are involved in various dog jobs, such as Guide Dogs, Therapy Dogs, Police Dogs, Protection Dogs, and much more.