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BREED DESCRIPTION & INFORMATION

Canadian Eskimo Dog
Shepherdsway River of Gold - "Hawk"
Photo courtesy of FENSKIMOS

Breed Registries:


Note: The breed registries indicated above are the most recognized all-breed registries. The breed may also be recognized by other registries not indicated here. For further details about dog registries, please see the document: Dog Breed Registries in North America.


Height / Weight:

27½ inches (70 cm) — 66 to 88 lbs. (30 to 39 kg)

Breed Profile:

Originating from the Canadian Arctic, the Canadian Eskimo Dog is called "Qimmiq" by the Inuit and is the oldest indigenous breed still in existence in North America. The breed was popular with Arctic explorers and had a reputation as the sled dog that could pull the heaviest loads, over the greatest distances, on the least amount of food. In the 1950's it was estimated that 20,000 Canadian Eskimo Dogs lived in Canada's North. However, when snowmobiles gained favour, the number of Eskimo Dogs declined almost to the point of extinction. In the 1970s, a project, funded by the CKC, the Canada Council and private individuals saved the breed. Still, today it is estimated that there are less than 300 purebred CKC registered Canadian Eskimo Dogs in the world making the breed one of the rarest.

The Canadian Eskimo Dog is a gentle and affectionate companion. The breed does not adapt well to temperate climates. He is primarily a working dog, born to pull and, therefore, needs plenty of outdoor exercise preferably in sub-freezing temperatures.

Health Issues

If you are considering the adoption of a Canadian Eskimo Dog puppy, or any breed, it is very important to be selective in choosing a responsible and reputable breeder. Ensure that the prospective puppy's parents have all health clearances. Breeding of any dog should not be done until after they have been proven to be free of evidence of significant hereditary diseases. (For more information on selecting a breeder, see the articles on the main Breed Listing and Breeders page.)

Additional Health Resources:

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Breed Standards

Grooming Information

  • Grooming — This section of the Canada's Guide to Dogs website includes tips, articles and information covering all aspects of dog grooming along with a listing of Groomers from across Canada.

Training Resources

  • Training — For training information, see this growing section of the Canada's Guide to Dogs website for tips, articles, as well as listings of training centres across Canada.

Training Tools & Equipment
Choose from a wide variety of items from Dogwise.com

Additional Information

  • Canadian Eskimo Dog Foundation (CEDF) — Established to facilitate a better understanding of the Canadian Eskimo Dog, and to promote what is one of the last remaining strongholds for this extraordinary breed.
  • Clubs, Sports & Activities — For information on the many sports and activities you can get involved in with your dog.
  • Working Dogs — The Working Dogs section of the Canada's Guide to Dogs website provides information and listings of organizations that are involved in various dog jobs, such as Guide Dogs, Therapy Dogs, Police Dogs, Protection Dogs, and much more.

Select from the following links to view Breeder listings; Breed Clubs; Rescue Organizations; as well as Books and other Merchandise specific to the breed:

Breeders  /  Breed Clubs  /  Rescues  /  Books & More