BREED DESCRIPTION & INFORMATION
Note: The all-breed registries indicated above are the most recognized all-breed registries. The breed may be recognized by other registries not indicated here. For further details about dog registries, please see the document: Dog Breed Registries in North America.
- The FCI is the World Canine Organization, which includes 84 members and contract partners (one member per country) that each issue their own pedigrees and train their own judges. The FCI recognizes 339 breeds, with each being the "property" of a specific country. The "owner" countries of the breeds write the standards of these breeds in co-operation with the Standards and Scientific Commissions of the FCI, and the translation and updating are carried out by the FCI. The FCI is not a breed registry nor does it issue pedigrees.
Males: 25 ½ to 28 ½ inches - Females: 24 ½ to 27 inches
Males: Average weight is between 88 and 110 lbs.
Females: Weight ranges between 66 and 88 lbs.
The Estrela Mountain Dog, Cão da Serra da Estrela, is believed to be one of the oldest breeds of dogs from the Iberian Peninsula. During the summer, the dogs were used to protect the sheep in the high mountain pastures in mid-Portugal. During the winter months, when the flocks were moved to the foot of the mountains, the Estrelas were used to guard the shepherds' homes. The first breed standard was produced in Portugal in 1933 and the breed was introduced to the U.S. in 1974. The United Kennel Club recognized the breed in 1996.
The Estrela Mountain Dog is a large, powerful and athletic dog. There are two coat varieties, the long and short coats, and colours include shades of fawn, wolf gray, yellow, they may or may not have brindling, white markings, or shades of black throughout the coat. They may also wear a dark facial mask.
The Estrela is known to be intelligent, loyal, affectionate to his family but independent. He is an excellent guardian, very quick to react yet he has a calm disposition. In Portugal, the breed is used to work with Marine and Portuguese Police.
If you are considering the adoption of a Estrela Mountain Dog puppy, or any breed, it is very important to be selective in choosing a responsible and reputable breeder. Ensure that the prospective puppy's parents have all health clearances. Breeding of any dog should not be done until after they have been proven to be free of evidence of significant hereditary diseases. (For more information on selecting a breeder, see the articles on the main Breed Listing and Breeders page.)
Recommended Health Screening:
For the Estrela Mountain Dog, the CHIC* database includes health screenings for:
- Hip Dysplasia
- Elbow Dysplasia
- Also listed as "optional" are: Patellar Luxation and Congenital Cardiac Database
Additional Health Resources:
- Health and Nutrition Growing section of the Canada's Guide to Dogs website which includes information on several health and nutrition related issues.
- Canine Health Information Center (CHIC) Providing a source of health information for owners, breeders, and scientists that will assist in breeding healthy dogs. CHIC is a centralized canine health database jointly sponsored by the AKC/Canine Health Foundation (AKC/CHF) and the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA).
- AKC Canine Health Foundation Working towards developing scientific advances in canine health.
- Canine Eye Registration Foundation (CERF)
- Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA)
- Ontario Veterinary College (OVC)
- University of Pennsylvania Hip Improvement Program (PennHip)
- HealthGene HealthGene Corporation is the leading provider of veterinary DNA diagnostic services in Canada.
- Labgenvet Laboratory of Veterinary Genetics is a Canadian diagnostic laboratory that offers a comprehensive service of DNA tests for veterinary genetic diseases.
- Grooming This section of the Canada's Guide to Dogs website includes tips, articles and information covering all aspects of dog grooming along with a listing of Groomers from across Canada.
- Starting the LGD Pup by Catherine de la Cruz
- Training For training information, see this growing section of the Canada's Guide to Dogs website for tips, articles, as well as listings of training centres across Canada.
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- Working Livestock Guardian Dogs (LGD) What is their Job?
- Clubs, Sports & Activities For information on the many sports and activities you can get involved in with your dog.
- Working Dogs The Working Dogs section of the Canada's Guide to Dogs website provides information and listings of organizations that are involved in various dog jobs, such as Guide Dogs, Therapy Dogs, Police Dogs, Protection Dogs, and much more.