FCI Standard No 14 / 03.06.2009 / GB
Swedish Vallhund (Västgötaspets)
- FCI-Standard No 14 / 03.06.2009 / GB
Link to FCI Breed Standards section in Word Format which has been converted here for ease of viewing.
TRANSLATION: Renée Sporre-Willes in collaboration with Jennifer Mulholland.
ORIGIN : Sweden.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 26.03.2009.
UTILIZATION : Herding Heeler.
CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. : Group 5 Spitz and primitive types. Section 3 Nordic Watchdogs and Herders. Without working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY
The Swedish Vallhund is considered to be an authentic Swedish breed although uncertainty still exists as to the relationship with the type like the Welsh Corgi. Whether or not the Vikings brought Corgi-type dogs back from the British Isles to Sweden or Västgötaspets-like dogs from Sweden to Britain will never be solved. But modern research believes that the Västgötaspets is of Swedish origin. Regardless of the breed's origin, credit for its recognition goes to Count Björn von Rosen. In the early 1940's von Rosen was told that this old type of herding dog still existed and an investigation took place in the County of West Gotha. Particularly in the planes of Vara specimens of homogeneous type where found; few in numbers but enough to start breeding. Breed type was well established without loosing the working ability.
Small, low on legs and sturdy. Appearance and expression denote a watchful, alert and energetic dog.
Ratio of height at withers to length of body 2:3. The height from lowest part of chest to ground never to be less than 1/3 of the height at withers.
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT
Watchful, energetic, fearless and alert.
Clean cut and fairly long. Skull and nose bridge parallel.
CRANIAL REGION: Viewed from above as well as from the side, moderately broad and tapering evenly towards the nose.
Skull : Almost flat.
Stop : Well defined.
Muzzle: When viewed from the side, is rather blunt cut and only slightly shorter than the skull.
Lips: Well fitting and tightly closed.
Jaws/Teeth: Lower jaw rather blunt cut and strong, but not prominent. Perfect and regular scissors bite with complete, even and well developed teeth.
Eyes: Medium size, oval in shape and dark brown.
Ears: Medium size, pointed, pricked and ear leather is hard from base to tip, smooth-haired and mobile. Length of ear should slightly exceed the width at base.
Long and strongly muscled with good reach.
Topline: Back level, well muscled.
Loin: Short, broad and strong.
Croup: Broad and slightly sloping.
Chest: Long with good depth. Fairly well sprung ribs. When viewed from the front, the chest is oval, from side, elliptical. It reaches two-fifths of the length of the forelegs and, when viewed from the side, the lowest point of the chest is immediately behind the back of elbow. Sternum visible but not excessively pronounced.
Underline and belly : Belly slightly tucked up.
Two types of tails occur, long and all variations in length of naturally short tail. In both cases all variations of carriage are permitted as there is no norm for the carriage.
With strong bone.
Shoulders: Long and set at an angle of 45 degrees to the horizontal plane.
Upper arms: Slightly shorter than the shoulders and set at a distinct angle. Upper arms lie close to ribs, but are still very mobile.
Forearms: When viewed from the front, slightly bent, just enough to give them free action against the lower part of the chest.
Metacarpus (Pastern): Elastic.
HINDQUARTERS: Parallel when viewed from behind.
Thighs: Broad and strongly muscled.
Stifle: Well angulated.
Lower thighs: Only slightly longer than the distance from hock to ground.
Hock joint: Well angulated.
Metatarsus (Rear pastern): Of moderate height.
FEET: Medium sized, short, oval, pointing straight foreward with strong pads, tightly knit and well knuckled up.
GAIT / MOVEMENT
Sound, with good reach and drive.
HAIR: Top coat of moderate length, hard, tight and lying close to body, undercoat is soft and very dense. The coat is short on head and foreparts of the legs, may be longer on neck, throat, chest and backparts of the hindlegs.
COLOUR: Grey, greyish brown, greyish yellow, reddish yellow or reddish brown. Lighter hair in the same nuance of colour as mentioned above can be seen on muzzle, throat, chest, belly, buttocks, feet and hocks. Darker guard hairs visible on back, neck and sides of the body. Lighter markings on shoulders, so called harness markings, and light cheek markings are highly desirable. White is permitted to a small extent as a narrow blaze, neck spot or slight necklace. White markings are permitted on chest, fore-and hindlegs, but white socks may not extend above upper half of leg.
SIZE AND WEIGHT
Height at withers: Males 33 cm (ideal height)
Females: 31 cm (ideal height)
A tolerance of 2 cm above or 1 cm below these heights is permitted.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
- Too low to ground.
- Stop not well defined.
- Snipy muzzle.
- Lack of two P1 or one P2.
- Light eyes giving wrong expression.
- Ears set too low.
- Chest too deep or too shallow.
- Too wide in front.
- Steep shoulders.
- Too short in upper arms.
- Over angulated hindquarters.
- Lack of harness- or cheek markings.
- Short or rounded skull.
- Short muzzle.
- Lower jaw receding, narrow or weak.
- Pincer bite.
- Lack of molars (M3 not taken into account).
- Roach back.
- Soft coat and stand off coat.
- Coat too short or too long.
- Lack of undercoat.
- White markings exceeding 30% of base colour.
- Height severely diverging from the ideal height.
- Aggressive or overly shy.
- Over or undershot bite.
- Blue eyes, one or both.
- Hanging ears or semi-erect ears.
- Long, curly coat.
- Black, white, liver brown or blue coat colour.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
N.B.: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.