BREED DESCRIPTION & INFORMATION
"Gunner", Photo Credit: Chiyoko Chin
Note: The breed registries indicated above are the most recognized all-breed registries. The breed may be recognized by other registries not indicated here. For further details about dog registries, please see the document: Dog Breed Registries in North America.
* The FCI is the World Canine Organization, which includes 84 members and contract partners (one member per country) that each issue their own pedigrees and train their own judges. The FCI recognizes 339 breeds, with each being the "property" of a specific country. The "owner" countries of the breeds write the standards of these breeds in co-operation with the Standards and Scientific Commissions of the FCI, and the translation and updating are carried out by the FCI. The FCI is not a breed registry nor does it issue pedigrees.
8 to 11 inches at the highest point of the withers.
Weight should be in proportion to height and body build, and can be as small as 4 lbs. or as much as 15 lbs.
The Japanese Chin, or Japanese Spaniel as he is also known, is a lively, aristocratic toy dog with a very distinctive Oriental expression. Bred with the sole purpose of being a companion, the Japanese Chin is intelligent, alert, and inquisitive. He is also very responsive and affectionate with those he knows but may be reserved with strangers. In Japan, the Chin breeds are considered royalty and descendants of Chinese aristocracy. It is believed that the Chin breed originated in China centuries ago and was eventually brought into Japan through gift giving to Japanese royalty. The general belief is that the breed shares its ancestry with that of the Pug and the Pekingese.
The Chin has a single, profuse, silky, soft and straight coat with a plumed tail. His colouring is either black and white, red and white, or black and white with tan points.
The Japanese Chin is generally a healthy breed and the majority of health problems found in the Chin are common to toy breeds in general. The most common problems seen are Luxating Patellas, Cataracts, and early-onset heart murmurs.
If you are considering the adoption of a Japanese Chin puppy, or any breed, it is very important to be selective in choosing a responsible and reputable breeder. Ensure that the prospective puppy's parents have all health clearances. Breeding of any dog should not be done until after they have been proven to be free of evidence of significant hereditary diseases. (For more information on selecting a breeder, see the articles on the main Breed Listing and Breeders page.)
Additional Health Resources:
- Collapsed Trachea: The Health Problem Every Owner of a Small Dog Should Understand
- Health and Nutrition Growing section of the Canada's Guide to Dogs website which includes information on several health and nutrition related issues.
- Canine Health Information Center (CHIC) Providing a source of health information for owners, breeders, and scientists that will assist in breeding healthy dogs. CHIC is a centralized canine health database jointly sponsored by the AKC/Canine Health Foundation (AKC/CHF) and the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA).
- AKC Canine Health Foundation Working towards developing scientific advances in canine health.
- Canine Eye Registration Foundation (CERF)
- Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA)
- Ontario Veterinary College (OVC)
- University of Pennsylvania Hip Improvement Program (PennHip)
- HealthGene HealthGene Corporation is the leading provider of veterinary DNA diagnostic services in Canada.
- Labgenvet Laboratory of Veterinary Genetics is a Canadian diagnostic laboratory that offers a comprehensive service of DNA tests for veterinary genetic diseases.
- CKC Breed Standard
- AKC Breed Standard
- UKC Breed Standard
- The Kennel Club (U.K.) Breed Standard
- FCI Breed Standard No. 206
The Japanese Chin's single coat is not prone to matting and, therefore, is easily groomed. Weekly brushing and a regular bath help keep the coat shining. During periods of shedding, more frequent brushing may be required.
- Grooming This section of the Canada's Guide to Dogs website includes tips, articles and information covering all aspects of dog grooming along with a listing of Groomers from across Canada.
- Toy BreedsHousebreaking
- Training For training information, see this growing section of the Canada's Guide to Dogs website for tips, articles, as well as listings of training centres across Canada.
Choose from a wide variety of items from Dogwise.com
- 10 Things to Consider Before Getting a Dog
- Toy BreedsSelecting the Perfect Pooch
- Clubs, Sports & Activities For information on the many sports and activities you can get involved in with your dog.
- Working Dogs The Working Dogs section of the Canada's Guide to Dogs website provides information and listings of organizations that are involved in various dog jobs, such as Guide Dogs, Therapy Dogs, Police Dogs, Protection Dogs, and much more.