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Crystalton Pomeranians

Breed Registries:

Note: The breed registries indicated above are the most recognized all-breed registries. The breed may also be recognized by other registries not indicated here. For further details about dog registries, please see the document: Dog Breed Registries in North America.

* — The FCI is the World Canine Organization, which includes 84 members and contract partners (one member per country) that each issue their own pedigrees and train their own judges. The FCI recognizes 339 breeds, with each being the "property" of a specific country. The "owner" countries of the breeds write the standards of these breeds in co-operation with the Standards and Scientific Commissions of the FCI, and the translation and updating are carried out by the FCI. The FCI is not a breed registry nor does it issue pedigrees.




8 to 11 inches


3-7 lbs (1-3 kg) (Ideal weight is 4-6 lbs (2-3 kg)

Breed Profile:

The Pomeranian is the smallest member of the Spitz family of northern breeds and is a descendent of sled dogs from Iceland and Lapland. Although the original Pomeranian weighed up to 30 lbs (13.5 kg), today, the Pom is one of the most popular of the Toy breeds.

He makes a wonderful family companion with his docile temperament, intelligence and devotion. He is a very good watchdog being very defensive of his home and family. He is also fearless when it comes to other dogs, even those much larger than himself. Known to have a "big dog" attitude, the Pom is alert, active and very easily trained.

Pomeranians are seen successfully competing in conformation and obedience trials. They are also used to work as hearing assistance dogs, therapy dogs, as well as in search and rescue on sites where small sized dogs are needed.

The Pom has a soft, dense undercoat with a long, perfectly straight and glistening outer coat that covers his entire body. He carries a plumed tail that is set high and lies flat on his back.

Click Here to learn a little bit about the history of the Pomeranian breed.

Health Issues

The Pomeranian is known to be a very healthy, hardy and long-lived breed. As with all breeds of dogs, however, certain health problems have been seen. The most common problems involve the teeth which must be cleaned frequently and maintained or they can fall out at a relatively young age. Other problems, seen in most toy breeds, are Luxating Patellas and Collapsed Trachea. Hypothyroidism is also quite common in Pomeranians and breeding stock should be tested for this.

If you are considering the adoption of a Pomeranian puppy, or any breed, it is very important to be selective in choosing a responsible and reputable breeder. Ensure that the prospective puppy's parents have all health clearances. Breeding of any dog should not be done until after they have been proven to be free of evidence of significant hereditary diseases. (For more information on selecting a breeder, see the articles on the main Breed Listing and Breeders page.)

Additional Health Resources:

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Breed Standards

Grooming Information

Although the Pomeranian's coat looks difficult to care for, it is actually quite easy. Regular brushing will keep the coat in good condition. Toenails should be kept trimmed — at least every 2-3 weeks — and teeth, as previously mentioned, must be kept clean.

  • Grooming — This section of the Canada's Guide to Dogs website includes tips, articles and information covering all aspects of dog grooming along with a listing of Groomers from across Canada.

Training Resources

Little Dogs - Training Your Pint-Sized Companion
by Deborah Wood
Contains all the information essential to the training success of both you and your little dog! Geared specifically toward small dogs 12" and under or 20 lbs. and under.
— Available from Dogwise.com.

Training Tools & Equipment
Choose from a wide variety of items from Dogwise.com

Additional Information

Select from the following links to view Breeder listings; Breed Clubs; Rescue Organizations; as well as Books and other Merchandise specific to the breed:

Breeders  /  Breed Clubs  /  Rescues  /  Books & More