BREED DESCRIPTION & INFORMATION
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Note: The breed may also be recognized by other registries not indicated here. For further details about dog registries, please see the document: Dog Breed Registries in North America.
** The FCI is the World Canine Organization, which includes 84 members and contract partners (one member per country) that each issue their own pedigrees and train their own judges. The FCI recognizes 339 breeds, with each being the "property" of a specific country. The "owner" countries of the breeds write the standards of these breeds in co-operation with the Standards and Scientific Commissions of the FCI, and the translation and updating are carried out by the FCI. The FCI is not a breed registry nor does it issue pedigrees.
Males: Males 23 to 24 inches (58-61 cm) at the withers;
Females 21½ to 22½ inches (55-57 cm)
Males 65 to 75 lbs;
Females 60 to 70 lbs.
A Bit of History:
The Golden Retriever was developed in the late 1800's in the Highlands of Scotland largely by Sir Dudley Marjoribanks (later known as Lord Tweedmouth) who had purchased a yellow, wavy-coated male Flat-Coated Retriever born amidst a litter of black pups. This dog was bred to a Tweed Water Spaniel (a breed now extinct) in 1868 and 1871 which resulted in several yellow puppies that became the foundation for the distinctive line. In time, through outcrosses with the Flat-Coated Retriever, the Irish Setter and another Tweed Water Spaniel, the breed evolved into a hunting companion with excellent scenting abilities, used to retrieve wildfowl on land and in water. By 1911, the Kennel Club (U.K.) recognized the breed as the Yellow or Golden Retriever and, in 1920, the original "Yellow" was dropped and the breed became officially known as the Golden Retriever. The American Kennel Club first registered the Golden Retriever in 1925 and the Canadian Kennel Club soon followed when it recognized the breed in 1927.
Over the years, the Golden Retriever has become one of the most popular breeds. Based on Canadian Kennel Club and American Kennel Club registrations, the Golden Retriever is the second most popular breed in Canada and the U.S., behind the Labrador Retriever.
For a more detailed look at the history of the Golden Retriever, see:
- The History of the Golden Retriever From the Golden Retriever Breed Council
- Brief History and Origin of the Golden Retriever From the Golden Retriever Club of America
The Golden Retriever is eager, alert and self-confident with a kind expression and an outstanding character. He is extremely friendly, reliable, trustworthy and devoted. Any signs of aggression toward other dogs or people, nervousness or hostility are uncharacteristic of the breed. The Golden is NOT a guard dog but a "people dog". He thrives on human companionship and must be allowed to interact with people. This is a dog who is completely devoted to his family, always happy and forever trusting and forgiving. Being a Sporting breed, he is active and energetic and, therefore, requires a fair amount of exercise including daily walks, running, and free play time.
As with many of the Retriever breeds, the Golden matures slowly, both physically and mentally. At one year of age, he will have reached his full height but will continue to gain weight for the next year or two. Mentally, the Golden will remain a puppy up to the age of two or three and many maintain their playful personality throughout their lives.
As a Sporting breed, the Golden is a wonderful hunting companion, tracking dog, and field trial competitor. His gentle nature and reliable temperament also make him an excellent candidate to work as a guide dog for the blind, assistance dog for the disabled, therapy dog, as well as working in search and rescue, avalanche rescue, drug detection, and others. He is also successful in the show ring, as an obedience competitor, in agility and, of course, he is a remarkable family companion.
The Golden's coat, one of the distinct characteristics of the breed, is dense, water repellent and lies flat against the body either straight or wavy. He should have moderate feathering on the back of the forelegs with heavier feathering on the front of the neck, back of the thighs and underside of the tail. His colour is a lustrous golden of various shades.
A Word of Caution: In part due to the popularity of the breed, the Golden Retriever is, unfortunately, at risk of irresponsible breeders attempting to cash in. If you are considering the purchase of a Golden Retriever puppy, be especially selective in choosing a responsible and reputable breeder. (For more information on selecting a breeder, see Things You Need To Know Before You Adopt a Golden Retriever Puppy as well as the articles on the main Breed Listing and Breeders page.)
Golden Retrievers, as with other breeds, are susceptible to some health problems, some of a genetic nature, others viral. The Health Related Issues document includes information on some of the known health concerns found in the breed.
If you are considering the adoption of a Golden Retriever puppy, or any breed, it is very important to be selective in choosing a responsible and reputable breeder. Ensure that the prospective puppy's parents have all health clearances. This should include, among others, hip x-rays to exclude hip dysplasia and eyes should be checked to see that they are normal and PRA clear. Breeding of any dog should not be done until after they have been proven to be free of evidence of significant hereditary diseases. (For more information on selecting a breeder, see the articles on the main Breed Listing and Breeders page.)
Additional Health Resources:
- Health Related Issues
- The Golden Retriever Foundation Founded in 1997 by the Golden Retriever Club of America to fund programs that further the welfare of the breed through: Research, Rescue and Education
- Health & Research Golden Retriever Club of America
- VetGen Veterinary Genetics Services
- Canine Inherited Disorders Database Golden Retriever
- Health and Nutrition Growing section of the Canada's Guide to Dogs website which includes information on several health and nutrition related issues.
- Canine Health Information Center (CHIC) Golden Retriever Breeds Requirements Providing a source of health information for owners, breeders, and scientists that will assist in breeding healthy dogs. CHIC is a centralized canine health database jointly sponsored by the AKC/Canine Health Foundation (AKC/CHF) and the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA).
- AKC Canine Health Foundation Working towards developing scientific advances in canine health.
- Canine Eye Registration Foundation (CERF)
- Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA)
- Ontario Veterinary College (OVC)
- University of Pennsylvania Hip Improvement Program (PennHip)
- HealthGene HealthGene Corporation is the leading provider of veterinary DNA diagnostic services in Canada.
- Labgenvet Laboratory of Veterinary Genetics is a Canadian diagnostic laboratory that offers a comprehensive service of DNA tests for veterinary genetic diseases.
- CKC Breed Standard
- Standard Officiel du Club Canin Canadien
- The Golden Retriever: Illustrated Study Guide Understanding the Breed Standard From the Golden Retriever Club of America
- AKC Breed Standard
- UKC Breed Standard
- The Kennel Club (U.K.) Breed Standard
- FCI Breed Standard No. 111
- The GRCA Judge's Education
Golden Retrievers shed a little throughout the year with heavier shedding twice a year (Spring and Fall). Brushing should be done at least weekly and more so during the heavy shedding periods. In addition, the hair around the feet pads, the ears and tail should be trimmed monthly.
- Grooming a Golden Retriever
- Grooming your Golden
- Grooming This section of the Canada's Guide to Dogs website includes tips, articles and information covering all aspects of dog grooming along with a listing of Groomers from across Canada.
Grooming your Golden DVD by Patricia McCoy-Coleman
Instruction and demonstration on all the skills you'll need to groom your Golden Retriever. Instructor is professional handler Patricia McCoy-Coleman.
Edition: 1996 Video
Duration: 35 mins.
The Golden Retriever is intelligent and always eager to please so basic training is generally not difficult. However, he does require consistent discipline, should be handled carefully with a firm but gentle hand, and always using positive reinforcement methods.
- Training For training information, see this growing section of the Canada's Guide to Dogs website for tips, articles, as well as listings of training centres across Canada.
Choose from a wide variety of items from Dogwise.com
- The Wonderful Golden As versatile as he is beautiful, the Golden Retriever is a dog of many talents. Not only is he a wonderful companion but he is depended on in so many ways... Read More
- Things You Need To Know Before You Adopt a Golden Retriever Puppy
- Is That A Labradoodle? A must read article regarding "Doodles" and "Poos". These are not "exotic new breeds". This is being included in the Golden Retriever breed section because of what is known as the Goldendoodle the cross of a Poodle and Golden Retriever. Again, this is not an exotic new breed.
- Live, Love & Laugh with Golden Retrievers
Honoring our Golden Teachers, Healers, Heroes and Friends This site was created to recognize and celebrate the wonders of the Human-Golden Bond. All aspects of Golden living are explored and every service field and humanitarian effort that our Golden gems are responsible for, with respect to enhancing persons' lives, is highlighted.
Note: This is a beautiful site of over 1000 pages dedicated to the Golden Retriever A must see!
- Clubs, Sports & Activities For information on the many sports and activities you can get involved in with your dog.
- Working Dogs The Working Dogs section of the Canada's Guide to Dogs website provides information and listings of organizations that are involved in various dog jobs, such as Guide Dogs, Therapy Dogs, Police Dogs, Protection Dogs, and much more.
From Service Dog to SURFice DogWatch surf dog Ricochet's journey from Service Dog training to surfing with quadriplegic surfer, Patrick Ivison, to fundraising for charitable causes.
A heartwarming and inspirational video. (Click the play button to watch it here.)